Course Code: 688

Linux Fundamentals

Class Dates:
12/6/2021
2/21/2022
Length:
5 Days
Cost:
$2495.00
Class Time:
Technology:
Desktop
Delivery:
Instructor-Led Training, Virtual Instructor-Led Training

Overview

  • Course Overview
  • This is a challenging course that focuses on the fundamental tools and concepts of Linux and Unix. The course's focus on proficient use of the command line benefits all skill levels. Beginners develop a solid foundation in Unix, while advanced users discover patterns and fill in gaps in their knowledge. The course material is designed to provide extensive hands-on experience. Topics include: basic file manipulation; basic and advanced filesystem features; I/O redirection and pipes; text manipulation and regular expressions; managing jobs and processes; vi, the standard Unix editor; automating tasks with shell scripts; managing software; secure remote administration; and more.
  • Audience
  • Students should be comfortable with computers. No familiarity with Linux or other Unix operating systems is required.

Prerequisites

  • Students should be comfortable with computers. No familiarity with Linux or other Unix operating systems is required.

    Supported Distributions: Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Course Details

  • What is Linux?
  • UNIX Origins, Design Principles, Time line
  • FSF and GNU
  • GPL - General Public License
  • The Linux Kernel
  • Linux Features
  • Popular Uses of Linux
  • What is a Distribution?
  • Components of Distributions
  • Slackware and Mandriva
  • Red Hat, SUSE Linux Products, Debian and Ubuntu
  • Red Hat Linux Products
  • Oracle Linux
  • Login and Exploration
  • Logging In , Running Programs, Interacting with Command Line
  • Desktop Environments, GNOME, Starting X
  • Gathering Login Session Info, Gathering System Info
  • uptime & w, got root?, Switching User Contexts
  • sudo, Help from Commands and Documentation
  • whereis, Getting Help Within the Graphical Desktop
  • Getting Help with man & info, $MANPATH, whatis and apropos
  • LAB TASKS, Login and Discovery, Help with Commands, Switching Users With su
  • The Linux Filesystem
  • Filesystem Support
  • UNIX/Linux Filesystem Features
  • Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
  • Navigating the Filesystem
  • Displaying Directory Contents
  • Determining Disk Usage (GUI)
  • Disk Usage with Quotas
  • File Ownership, Default Group Ownership, File and Directory Permissions
  • File Creation Permissions, Changing File Permissions
  • File Creation Permissions with umask, SUID and SGID on files,
  • SGID and Sticky Bit on Directories, Changing File Permissions, User Private Group Scheme
  • LAB TASKS, Navigating Directories and Listing Files, Disk and Filesystem Usage, File and Directory Ownership and Permissions Introduction to Troubleshooting Labs, Troubleshooting Practice: Filesystem
  • Manipulating Files
  • Directory Manipulation
  • File Manipulation
  • Deleting and Creating Files
  • Physical Unix File Structure
  • Filesystem Links
  • File Extensions and Content
  • Displaying Files, Previewing Files, Displaying Binary Files , Searching the Filesystem
  • Alternate Search Method
  • LAB TASKS, Manipulating Files and Directories, File Examination & Search Commands
  • SHELL BASICS
  • Role of Command Shell
  • Communication ChannelsFile Redirection
  • Piping Commands Together, Filename Matching
  • File Globbing and Wildcard Patterns, Brace Expansion
  • Shell and Environment Variables, Key Environment Variables,
  • Which and Type, General Quoting Rules, Nesting Commands
  • LAB TASKS, Redirection and Pipes, Wildcard File Matching,
  • Shell Variables, Shell Meta-Characters, Command Substitution
  • Archiving and Compression
  • Archives with tar
  • Archives with cpio
  • The gzip Compression Utility
  • The bzip2 Compression Utility
  • The XZ Compression Utility
  • The PKZIP Archiving/Compression format
  • GNOME File Roller
  • LAB TASKS, Archiving and Compression
  • Text Processing
  • Searching Inside Files
  • The Streaming Editor
  • Text Processing with Awk
  • Replacing Text Characters
  • Text Sorting
  • Duplicate Removal Utility
  • Extracting Columns of Text
  • Combining Files and Merging Text
  • Comparing File Changes
  • LAB TASKS, Processing Text Streams, Text Processing
  • Regular Expressions
  • Regular Expression Overview
  • Regular Expression Implementations
  • Regular Expressions
  • RE Character Classes
  • Regex Quantifiers
  • RE Parenthesis
  • LAB TASKS, Pattern Matching with Regular Expressions, Extended Regular Expressions, Using Regular Expressions With sed
  • Text Editing
  • Text Editing
  • Pico/GNU Nano, Pico/Nano Interface
  • Nano configuration
  • Pico/Nano Shortcuts
  • vi and Vim, Learning Vim, Basic vi, Intermediate vi
  • LAB TASKS, Text Editing with Nano, Text Editing with Vim
  • Messaging
  • System Messaging Commands
  • Controlling System Messaging, Internet Relay Chat
  • Instant Messenger Clients, Electronic Mail
  • Sending Email with sendmail, Sending and Receiving Email with mailx
  • Sending and Receiving Email with mutt
  • Sending Email with Pine, Evolution
  • LAB TASKS, Command Line Messaging, Messaging with talkd, Command Line Email, Alpine
  • Command Shells
  • Shells, Identifying the Shell, Changing the Shell,
  • Shell Configuration Files, Script Execution,
  • Bourne Shell: Shell Prompts
  • Bash: Bourne-Again Shell, Bash: Configuration Files
  • Bash: Command Line History, Bash: Command Editing
  • Bash: Command Completion
  • Bash: "shortcuts", Bash: Command Completion,
  • Bash: "shortcuts", Bash: prompt, Setting Resource Limits via ulimit
  • LAB TASKS - Linux Shells, Bash History, Aliases
  • Bash Login Scripts, The Z Shell
  • Process Management and Job Control
  • What is a Process?
  • Process Creation
  • Process States
  • Viewing Processes
  • Signals
  • Tools to Send Signals
  • Job Control Basics
  • Jobs screen
  • Using screen
  • Advanced Screen
  • Introduction to Shell Scripting
  • Shell Script Strengths and Weaknesses
  • Example Shell Script, Positional Parameters,
  • Input & Output, Doing Math, Exit Status
  • Comparisons with test, Conditional Statements
  • Flow Control: case, The borne for-Loop
  • The while and until Loops
  • LAB TASKS, Writing a Shell Script
  • AT AND CRON
  • Automating Tasks
  • at/batch
  • cron
  • The crontab Command
  • crontab Format
  • /etc/cron.*/ Directories
  • Anacron
  • Systemd Timers
  • LAB TASKS, Creating and Managing User Cron Jobs, Adding System cron JobsTroubleshooting Practice: Automating Tasks
  • Printing
  • Linux Printer Sub-systems
  • lpd
  • LPRng
  • Common UNIX Printing System
  • Configuring Print Queues
  • Standard Print Commands
  • Format Conversion Utilities
  • Ghostscript
  • enscript and mpage
  • Mounting Filesystems & Managing Removable Media
  • Filesystems Concept Review
  • Mounting Filesystems
  • NFS, SMB, Filesystem Table (/etc/fstab)
  • AutoFS, Removable Media
  • LAB TASKS, Accessing NFS Shares, On-demand filesystem mounting with AutoFS
  • The X Window System
  • X Modularity, X.Org Drivers, Configuring X Manually,
  • Automatic X Configuration
  • Xorg and Fonts, Installing Fonts for Modern Applications
  • Installing Fonts for Legacy Applications
  • The X11 Protocol and Display Names
  • Display Managers and Graphical Login
  • Starting X Apps Automatically, X Access Control
  • Remote X Access (historical/insecure) and (modern/secure)
  • XDMCP, Remote Graphical Access With VNC and RDP, Specialized X Servers
  • LAB TASKS, Remote X with XDMCP, Configure X Security, Configure a VNC Server
  • Configure a VNC Server, Configure a VNC Server, Launching X Apps Automatically, Secure X
  • MANAGING SOFTWARE
  • Downloading with FTP
  • FTP, lftp,
  • Command Line Internet – Non-interactive, Command Line Internet – Interactive
  • Managing Software Dependencies
  • Using the Yum command, Using Yum history
  • Yum package groups
  • Configuring Yum, yumdownloader, Popular Yum Repositories
  • Using the Zypper command, Zypper Services and Catalogs, The dselect & APT Frontends to dpkg,
  • Aptitude, Configuring APT
  • LAB TASKS, Command Line File Transfers, Using Yum, Using Zypper
  • Managing Yum Repositories, Managing Zypper Repositories, Using APT, Adding an APT repository
  • THE SECURE SHELL (SSH)
  • Secure Shell
  • OpenSSH Client & Server Configuration
  • Accessing Remote Shells
  • Transferring Files
  • Alternative sftp Clients
  • SSH Key Management
  • ssh-agent
  • LAB TASKS, Introduction to ssh and scp
  • SSH Key-based User Authentication
  • Using ssh-agent
  • EMACS
  • Emacs
  • The Emacs Interface
  • Basic Emacs
  • More Emacs Commands
  • LAB TASKS, Text Editing with Emacs